Beowulf: Bibliography of Books Used For This Site

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Note that on the Electronic Beowulf CD by Kevin Kiernan, on the first CD, in the file /CD/help/beobib90.htm, is a bibliography containing 479 entries. I could paste those entries into this page, but I think that would be going a little too far on copyright infringement.

I found that the most difficult version to read was probably the Thorpe translation because the language is sort of formal and old-fashioned and it appears that no attempt is being made to make the story accessible to a mass audience (which is not necessarily a bad thing). The John Porter version is also a little bit difficult to read because it is a very literal translation and is not really rearranged to flow in a way which would be familiar to the modern reader. I sort of like the John Porter version however because you do not get the sense that the translator might be rearranging things in a way which changes the poem; instead you feel like you might be reading the "truest" version (whatever that means when you are studying something like Beowulf). James M. Garnett takes a similar approach in his translation published in 1895. In the Preface to his edition, James Garnett makes a point of saying that in his translation (begun in 1878) he:

gave it as nearly as possible a rhythmical form, still retaining the line-for-line feature. This involves naturally much inversion and occasional obscurity, and lacks smoothness; but it seemed to me to give the general reader a better idea of the poem than a mere prose translation would do, in addition to the advantage of literalness. While it would have been easy, by means of periphrasis and freer translation, to mend some of the defects chargeable to the line-for-line form, the translation would have lacked literalness, which I regarded as the most important object.
The Ben Slade translation makes a similar trade-off, somewhere between the word-for-word approach in Porter, and the line-for-line approach in Garnett. I like all three of these translations very much.

The easiest versions to read are the ones by S. A. J. Bradley (1995), Constance B. Hieatt (1967), Thomas C. Kennedy (2001), David Wright (1957), E. Talbot Donaldson (1966), Bertha Rogers (2000), and the textbook by Kevin Crossley-Holland (I do not include the Robert Nye (1968) version in this list because it is really an adaptation and is not strictly true to the events in the original story). The children's book by Kevin Crossley-Holland and Charles Keeping is also easy to read but they are not suitable for understanding the story well enough to discuss it in a classroom (unless you are talking about whether Beowulf can be made into an interesting children's story). If you are mostly concerned with finding a version which is easy to read however then you might just as well read one of the outlines listed on this web page.

Facsimilies of the original manuscript are included in Kevin S. Kiernan (1981), Bruce Mitchell, Fred C. Robinson (1998), and Julius Zupitza (1880/1959). The best facsimilies are on the $150.00 Kevin Kiernan Electronic Beowulf CD (of which I have a copy).

The loosest adaptation of the story is perhaps in the Robert Nye (1968) version, although a number of other Beowulf adaptations have been published which I have not included on this page. The Nye adaptation is really not a translation at all. In the Nye version Unferth admires Grendel, Unferth gives Grendel's mother his sword (instead of giving it to Beowulf) and she uses it to kill Aeschere, Beowulf talks to Grendel and to his mother a lot during his fights with them, Grendel's mother kills Unferth and Beowulf discovers Unferth's severed head as he is about to enter the lake above Grendel's mother's cave, Beowulf does not kill Grendel's mother with her own sword but rather talks her into a trance and strangles her (he does not find the sword until just before he uses it to cut off Grendel's head), and Wiglaf props the dragon's mouth open with a stick and Beowulf shoves bees down its throat; the bees sting the dragon and Beowulf to death. I read a web page once (I can't find it now) in which the author of that page scolded the other Beowulf translators for not realizing, as Robert Nye had realized, that Beowulf used bees to kill the dragon.

The Roy M. Liuzza (2000) translation contains an appendix with translations of lines 229-257 (in which an armed Danish coast-guard confronts Beowulf and his men as they come ashore and insists that they explain why they have come and why they are armed) by 20 authors: Sharon Turner (1805/1852), John Josias Conybeare (1826), J.M. Kemble (1835), Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1845), John Earle (1892), William Morris and A.J. Wyatt (1895), Francis B. Gummere (1909), William Ellery Leonard (1923), R.K. Gordon (1923), Charles W. Kennedy (1940), Edwin Morgan (1952), Burton Raffel (1963), E. Talbot Donaldson (1966), Kevin Crossley-Holland (1968), Howell D. Chickering Jr. (1977), S.A.J. Bradley (1982), Stanley B. Greenfield (1982), Ruth P.M. Lehmann (1988), Marc Hudson (1990), and Frederick Rebsamen (1991/2004). In the appendix, Liuzza comments:

Some early translators tried to recreate the poem in an idiom their contemporaries would recognize as 'heroic' [Conybeare, Longfellow, Morris and Wyatt]; others have tried to reproduce the aural effect of the poem's alliteration and stress [notably Gummere, Lehmann, Rebsamen]; still others avoid imitation or archaism and have tried to recreate the poem in a modern poetic idiom [Raffel, Greenfield, Hudson], while others, beginning with Kemble, have forgone verse altogether and presented the poem in prose.
In the Cliffs Notes On Beowulf (on page 11) Elaine Strong Skill says of Beowulf translations:
In selecting a translation of Beowulf, it would seem that the best choice might be one which captures the spirit of the language as well as the meaning. This does not mean that there should be a line-for-line, word-for-word alliteration. On the other hand, the total absence of alliteration or kennings would miss the essence of the Beowulf poet's style. The ideal translation, whether prose or poetry, would probably be one in which the story is sprinkled with as many of the fascinating poetic devices of Anglo-Saxon poetry as possible. One of the best alliterative verse translations, one which preserves the kennings and offers a superb critical introduction, is the translation of Beowulf by Charles W. Kennedy, available in Oxford paperback.

Excerpts from the Charles W. Kennedy translation are available on this site, so you can read them for yourself. I don't agree that it is one of the best alliterative verse translations available, but it does have a good 57-page Introduction.

Considering all of the translations on this page plus the other dozen translations of lines 229-257 in the Roy M. Liuzza (2000) version, my favorite versions are the ones by Frederick Rebsamen (1991/2004) (because of the alliteration and the rhythm and the proliferation of compound words which he has invented for use in the story) and the work-in-progress Tim Romano translation at . I also really like the prose version by Bertha Rogers (2000).

Although my favorite versions to read are the Frederick Rebsamen, Tim Romano, and Bertha Rogers versions, the one which I would probably recommend as the best version for most people to read if they were only going to read a single translation, is the Seamus Heaney (2000) translation. Seamus Heaney has struck a good balance between plain language and alliterative poetry, and it is probably a little easier to follow the details of the story using his translation than it is using the Rebsamen or Romano versions. He has also included an Old English version along with his translation.

One translation which I particularly dislike is the one by William Ellery Leonard (1923). I dislike this version because it is written to rhyme, with line 1 rhyming with line 2, line 3 rhyming with line 4, etc. This rhyming style is so distracting that I find the story very difficult to follow and, in fact, almost unrecognizable as the Beowulf story.

 Michael Alexander (1973)
Beowulf: A Verse Translation by Michael Alexander. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England, 1973. ISBN: 0-14-044268-5.

  Michael Alexander (1995)
Beowulf. Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England, 1995. ISBN: 0-14-043377-5. The Google online PDF for this book is at

 William Alfred (1963)
Medieval Epics (pages 1-84: Beowulf) The Modern Library, New York, 1963 [1991]. ISBN: 0679603018.

 Thomas Arnold (1876)
Beowulf: An Epic Poem Translated From The Anglo-Saxon Into English Verse.Longmans, Green and Co., London, 1876. ISBN: none.

 Harry Morgan Ayres (1933)
Beowulf: A Paraphrase. The Bayard Press, Williamsport, Penna., 1933. ISBN: none.

  Manly Banister (1975)
The Craft of Bookbinding. Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1975. ISBN: 0-486-27852-2. ...this book on bookbinding will give you information which is very useful to know when you are reading Kevin Kiernan's descriptions of how the Beowulf manuscript may have been assembled into various codices during its lifetime (before, and after, being in the Cotton library)

 Albert C. Baugh (1925)
Century Types of English Literature - Chronologically Arranged. The Century Co., New York, 1925. ISBN: none.

  Donna Lee Berg (1993)
A Guide To The Oxford English Dictionary: The Essential Companion and User's Guide Oxford University Press, New York, 1993. ISBN: 0-19-869179-3.

  J. B. Bessinger Jr. & Philip H. Smith Jr. (1969)
A Concordance to Beowulf. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, 1969. ISBN: 0-8014-0480-0. transcription

  Robert E. Bjork, John D. Niles (1998)
A Beowulf Handbook. University of Nebraska Press, 1998. ISBN: 0-8032-6150-0.

  Harold Bloom (1987)
Modern Critical Interpretations: Beowulf. Chelsea House Publishers, New York, 1987. ISBN: 0-87754-904-4. transcription

  Alan J. Bliss (1958)
The Metre of Beowulf. Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1958. ISBN: 0-827-44323-4. transcription

  Alan J. Bliss (1962)
An Introduction to Old English Metre. Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1962. ISBN: none

 Gavin Bone (1946)
Beowulf In Modern Verse With An Essay And Pictures. Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1946. ISBN: none.

 S. A. J. Bradley (1995)
Anglo-Saxon Poetry [pages 405-494]. Everyman, Charles E. Tuttle, Vermont, 1995. ISBN: 0-460-87507-8.

 David Breeden (1999)
The Adventures of Beowulf. Published on the Web at and transcribed to this page with Dr. Breeden's permission.

  Arthur Gilchrist Brodeur (1959)
The Art of Beowulf. University of California Press, 1959. ISBN: 0-520-01512-6. examination of Beowulf as a work of art (no transcription)

 Elsie Straffin Bronson (1910)
English Poems: Selected and Edited, With Illustrative and Explanatory Notes and Bibliographies. Granger Index Reprint Series, Books For Libraries Press, Freeport, New York, 1910 (reprinted in 1970). LC: 70-109935. ...this book is edited by Walter C. Bronson, but the Beowulf translation is by Elsie Straffin Bronson

 Michelle P. Brown (1991)
Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts. The British Library Board, London, 1991. ISBN: 0-7123-0266-2. ...detailed information about manuscripts (not just the Beowulf manuscript) by a Curator in the Manuscript Collections of The British Library. 80 pages. A beautiful and interesting little book.

 David Calcutt (2001)
Dramascripts Beowulf: A play based on the Anglo-Saxon epic poem. Nelson Thornes Ltd., Cheltenham, UK, 2001. ISBN: 0-17-432656-4.

 A. J. Church (1918)
Heros of Chivalry and Romance. Seeley, Service & Co. Limited, London, 1918. ISBN: none.

  Colin Chase (1997)
The Dating of Beowulf. University of Toronto Press, 1997. ISBN: 0-8020-7879-6.

 Howell D. Chickering Jr. (1977)
Beowulf: A Dual-Language Edition - Translated With An Introduction And Commentary By Howell D. Chickering Jr. Anchor Books (Doubleday), New York, 1977. ISBN: 0-385-06213-3 .

 Clarence Griffin Child (1904)
Beowulf and the Finnesburh Fragment: Translated From the Old English With an Introductory Sketch and Notes. Houghton Mifflin Company (The Riverside Press Cambridge), New York, 1884. ISBN: none.

 Samuel Harden Church (1901)
Beowulf Frederick A. Stokes, New York, 1901. ISBN: none.

  J. R. Clark Hall (1894/2000)
A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 1894/2000. ISBN: 0-8020-6548-1.

 John R. Clark Hall (1911)
Beowulf and the Finnesburg Fragment George Allen and Unwin, London, 1911. ISBN: none. There doesn't seem to be an ISBN number on the copy of the book which I own. It was originally published in 1911, I have a sixth edition published in 1963 which has an introduction by C. L. Wrenn written in 1949. In the flyleaf is a note from the publishers stating that "In 1940 we published Professor Wrenn's thorough revision of the late Dr. Clark Hall's translation of Beowulf...". The book was published by George Allen & Unwin Ltd.

 John Josias Conybeare (1826)
Illustrations of Anglo-Saxon Poetry. Harding and Lepard, Pall Mall, East., 1826. ISBN: none. ...translations of selected passages into English and into Latin.

 G. Cox, E. H. Jones (1886)
Popular Romances of the Middle Ages. Henry Holt and Company, New York, 1886. ISBN: none.

 Kevin Crossley-Holland (1982)
Beowulf. Oxford University Press, 1982 (1999). ISBN: 0-19-272369-3 (pbk.).

 Kevin Crossley-Holland (1999)
Beowulf: A Verse Translation by Kevin Crossley-Holland. Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN: 0-19-283320-0 (pbk).

 D. H. Crawford (1926)
Beowulf, Translated Into English Verse (Vol. XXVII of The Medieval Library). Chatto & Windus, London, 1926. ISBN: none.

  Elliott van Kirk Dobbie (1953)
Beowulf and Judith. Columbia University Press, New York, 1953. ISBN: none.

 E. Talbot Donaldson (1966)
Beowulf: The Donaldson Translation, Backgrounds And Sources, Criticism. Norton & Company, New York, 1975. ISBN: 0-393-97406-5. This was published in 1975, with Joseph F. Tuso as the editor, and again in 2002, with Nicholas Howe as the editor. Part of the Norton Critical Edition series.

  Michael Drout (2001)
Beowulf and the Critics, by J. R. R. Tolkien (edited by Michael Drout). Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Tempe, AZ. 2002. ISBN: 0-86698-290-6.

 John Earle (1892)
The Deeds of Beowulf: An English Epic of the Eighth Century Done Into Modern Prose. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1892. ISBN: none.

 M. I. Ebbutt (1985)
Myths and Legends Series: The British [pages 1-41]. Avenel Books, New York, 1985. ISBN: 0-517-60441-8.

 G. N. Garmonsway (1971)
Beowulf And Its Analogues. E.P. Dutton and Company, New York, 1971. ISBN: 0-525-47294-0.

 James M. Garnett (1882)
Beowulf: An Anglo-Saxon Poem Ginn, Heath & Company, Boston, 1882. ISBN: none.

 G. H. Gerould (1929)
Beowulf and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight The Ronald Press Company, New York, 1929. ISBN: 0826033806.

 John Gibb (1884)
Gudrun Beowulf and the Death of Roland. T. Fisher Unwin, London, 1884. ISBN: none.

 Julian Glover (1987)
Beowulf: An Adaptation by Julian Glover of the Verse Translations of Michael Alexander and Edwin Morgan Alan Sutton Publishing, Gloucestershire, 1987. ISBN: 0750911042.

  Malcolm Godden & Michael Lapidge (1991)
The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991. ISBN: 0-521-37794-3.

  Margaret E. Goldsmith (1970)
The Mode and Meaning of Beowulf. The Athlone Press, London, 1970. ISBN: none. transcription

 Robert Kay Gordon (1923/1992)
Beowulf. Dover Thrift Editions, 1992 (1923). ISBN: 0-486-27264-8 (pbk.) ...this is an unabridged replication of R. K. Gordon's translation published in the volume Anglo-Saxon Poetry (J. M. Dent & Sons, London, 1926)

 A. Wigfall Green (1935)
Beowulf: A Literal Translation Bruce Humphries, Inc., Boston, 1935. ISBN: none.

 Paula Grant (1995)
Aldfrith's Beowulf. Llanerch Publishers, Felinfach, 1995. ISBN: 1-897853-98-X.

 Stanley B. Greenfield, Alain Renoir (1982)
A Readable Beowulf: The Old English Epic Newly Translated Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville, 1982. ISBN: 0809310600.

 John Green (2007)
Beowulf. Dover coloring book. Dover pictorial archive series. Dover Publications, Inc., 2007. ISBN: 0-486-45655-2.

  Nicolas Frederic Severin Grundtvig (1865)
Bjovulus-Drapen, et Hoinordisk Heltedigt, fra Anguls-Tungen. Anden forbedrede Udgave. Kiøbenhavn. Karl Schønbergs Forlag. 1865.

 Francis B. Gummere (1910)
The Harvard Classics - The Five-Foot Shelf of Books: Epic and Saga. P. F. Collier & Son, New York, 1910. ISBN: none ...this also seems to be available at

 Albert W. Haley (1978)
Beowulf: A New Translation. Branden Press, Boston, 1978. ISBN: 0-8283-1713-5.

 Lesslie Hall (1892)
Beowulf, An Anglo-Saxon Epic Poem, Translated From The Heyne-Socin Text. D. C. Heath & Co., Publishers, Boston, 1892. ISBN: none.

  James A. Harrison, Robert Sharp, [M. Heyne 1879] (1883)
Beowulf: An Anglo-Saxon Poem. Ginn and Company, New York, 1883. ISBN: none. ...contains the poem in Old English (based on the 1879 M. Heyne version), 50 pages of notes, and a 200-page glossary, but no translation

 Seamus Heaney (2000/2002)
Beowulf: A Verse Translation. W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York, 2002. ISBN: 0-393-97580-0 (pbk.). ...the translation is the same as his 2000 book, but this book does not contain the Old English text. Part of the Norton Critical Edition series.

 Seamus Heaney (2000)
Beowulf: A New Verse Translation.Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 2000. ISBN: 0-374-11119-7 (alk. paper).

 Constance B. Hieatt (1967)
Beowulf And Other Old English Poems. Bantam Books, New York, 1967. ISBN: 0-553-21347-4.

 Florence Holbrook (1905)
Northland Heroes. Houghton Mifflin Company (The Riverside Press Cambridge), New York, 1905. ISBN: none.

 Dorothy Hosford (1947)
By His Own Might: The Battles of Beowulf. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1947. ISBN: none.

 Marc Hudson (1990)
Beowulf: A Translation and Commentary. Bucknell University Press, London, 1990. ISBN: 0-8387-5162-8.

 Bernard F. Huppe (1987)
Beowulf: A New Translation Pegasus Paperbooks, Binghamton, New York, 1987. ISBN: 0866980318.

 Wentworth Huyshe (1907)
Beowulf: An Old English Epic George Routledge & Sons Ltd., London, 1907. ISBN: none.

  Edward B. Irving Jr. (1968)
A Reading of Beowulf. Yale University Press, New Haven, 1968. ISBN: none -- LC number is 68-13911.

  Edward B. Irving Jr. (1969)
Introduction to Beowulf. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1969. ISBN: none -- LC number is 77-79447.

  George Jack Edition (1997)
Beowulf: A Student Edition. Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1997. ISBN: 0-19-871044-5. ...contains the poem in Old English (but no translation), in-line word-by-word translations of the text, ~15 pages of glossary, an index of names, and a 12 page bibliography

 David Kaufman (2006)
Beowulf, A Current English Version. Kaufman, 2006. ISBN: 0-6151-3758-X.

 John Mitchell Kemble (1835,37)
A Translation of the Anglo-Saxon Poem of Beowulf, With a Copious Glossary, Preface and Philological Notes William Pickering, London, 1835-7. ISBN: none. ...volume 1 (1835) is an Old English version, volume 2 (1837) is a translation

 Charles W. Kennedy (1940)
Beowulf: The Oldest English Epic Oxford University Press, New York, 1940. ISBN: 0195024354.

 Thomas C. Kennedy (2001)
Beowulf. Squire Publishers, Leawood, Kansas, 2001. ISBN: 1-58597-091-3.

  Kevin S. Kiernan
Electronic Beowulf. [2 CD's] The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI, 1999. ISBN: 0-7123-0494-0 (British Library) 0-472-00260-0 (University of Michigan Press). EBeowulf Home Page Buy at UMich.

  Kevin S. Kiernan (1981)
Beowulf and the Beowulf Manuscript (1996 revised edition). The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI, 1981 and 1996. ISBN: 0-472-08412-7 (paper). ...this edition does not contain the Old English and it does not contain a translation but it does contain extensive notes and background material and several facsimilies of the original manuscript as well as, according to the Forward by Katherine O'Brien O'Keeffe, " attack on every dimension of the [traditional ideas as to the history and implications of the original manuscript]"

 Eric A. Kimmel (2005)
The Hero Beowulf. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 2005. ISBN: 0-374-30671-0.

 Ernest J. B. Kirtlan (1913)
Beowulf. Thomas Y. Cromwell, New York, 1913. ISBN: none.

  Fr. Klaeber (1922)
Beowulf and the Fight at Finnsburgh. D.C. Heath and Company, Lexington, Massachuseets [sic], 1922 and 1950. ISBN: 0669212121. ...this edition does not contain a translation but it does contain the Old English version plus extensive notes. The Google online PDF for this book is at

 Ruth P. M. Lehmann (1988)
Beowulf: An Imitative Translation. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas, 1988. ISBN: 0-292-70771-1 (pbk.).

 William Ellery Leonard (1923)
Beowulf: A New Verse Translation for Fireside and Class Room Appleton-Century Crofts Inc., New York, 1923??. ISBN: 0781271606.

 Roy M. Liuzza (2000)
Beowulf: A New Verse Translation. Broadview Press Ltd., Peterborough, Canada, 2000. ISBN: 155111-189-6. Roy M. Liuzza's Beowulf study guide is at ...contains an appendix with translations of lines 229-257 by 20 different authors

  H. W. Longfellow (1849)
The Poets and Poetry of Europe. Carey and Hart, Philadelphia, 1849. ISBN: none. ...not a transcription -- several short poems

 Lieut.-Colonel H.W. Lumsden (1883)
Beowulf: An Old English Poem Translated Into Modern Rhymes. Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., London, 1883. ISBN: none.

 Donald A. MacKenzie (1985)
German Myths and Legends. Avenel Books, New York, 1985. ISBN: 0-517-46299-0.

 Donald A. Mackenzie (1995)
Teutonic -- Myths & Legends. Gresham Publishing, London, 1995. ISBN: 1-85958-092-0.

  Francis P. Magoun (1966)
Beowulf and Judith: Done in a Normalized Orthography. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., USA, 1959/1966. ISBN: 0-674-06700-2.

  P. J. M. Marks (1998)
The British Library Guide to Bookbinding -- History and Techniques. University of Toronto Press, 1998. ISBN: 0-8020-8176-2. ...this book on bookbinding will give you information which is very useful to know when you are reading Kevin Kiernan's descriptions of how the Beowulf manuscript may have been assembled into various codices during its lifetime (before, and after, being in the Cotton library)

 H. E. Marshall (1908)
Stories of Beowulf. E. P. Dutton & Company, New York, 1908. ISBN: none. Re-published in 2007 as The Story of Beowulf, by Dover Publications, Mineola, N.Y. ISBN: 0-486-45449-5.

 John McNamara (2005)
Beowulf. Barnes & Noble Classics, New York, 1995. ISBN: 1-59308-266-5.

  Bruce Mitchell and Fred C. Robinson (1964/2001)
A Guide to Old English. Blackwell Publishers, Maldon, Mass., USA, 1964/2001. ISBN: 0-631-22636-2.

  Bruce Mitchell, Fred C. Robinson (1998)
Beowulf: An Edition With Relevant Shorter Texts. Blackwell, Oxford, U.K., 1998. ISBN: 0-631-17226-2 (pbk.). ...this edition has the Old English text but no translation but it does have extensive notes and background material and a dozen pages of photographs of Viking artifacts.

 Charles Scott Moncrieff (1921)
Beowulf The Westminster Press, London, 1921. ISBN: none.

 Edwin Morgan (1952)
Beowulf: An Verse Translation Into Modern English. University of California Press, London, 1952. ISBN: 0-520-00881-2.

 Michael Morpurgo (2006)
Beowulf. Candlewick Press, Cambridge, MA, 2006. ISBN: 0-7636-3206-6.

 William Morris & A. J. Wyatt (1898)
The Tale of Beowulf. Longmans, Green, and Co., London, 1898. ISBN: none.

  Lewis E. Nicholson (1963)
An Anthology of Beowulf Criticism. University of Notre Dame Press, Indiana, 1963. ISBN: none. transcription

 Felix Nobis (2000)
Beowulf: An Adaptation. bradshaw books, Cork, Ireland, 2000. ISBN: 0-949010-72-3 (not 0-949410-71-5).

 Robert Nye (1968)
Beowulf: A New Telling. Bantam-Doubleday-Dell (Random House), New York, 1968. ISBN: 0-440-90560-5.

  J. D. A. Ogilvy & Donald C. Baker (1983)
Reading Beowulf: An Introduction to the Poem, Its Background, and Its Style. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma and London, England, 1983. ISBN: 0-8061-2019-3. transcription

 Raymond Oliver (1990)
Beowulf: A Likeness (with Randolph Swearer and Marijane Osborn) Yale University Press, New Haven, 1990. ISBN: 0300048769.

  Andy Orchard (2003)
A Critical Companion to Beowulf. Boydell & Brewer, 2003. ISBN: 1-84384-029-4.

  Marijane Osborn (1986/2004)
Beowulf: A Guide to Study. Wipf & Stock Publishers, Eugene, Oregon, 2004 [1986]. ISBN: 1-59244-727-9.

  Marijane Osborn (1994)
Beowulf. Chapter 3 in "Narrative Fiction: An Introduction and Anthology," edited by Kelley Griffith, Harcourt Brace College Publishers, New York, 1994. ISBN: 0-15-500155-8.

 Marijane Osborn (1983)
Beowulf: A Verse Translation with Treasures of the Ancient North. University of California Press and Pentangle Press, Los Angeles, 1983. ISBN: 0-520-04599-8 ...this is not the same as her 1990 book with Raymond Oliver and Randolph Swearer; the same translation is reprinted in Beowulf Chapter 3 in "Narrative Fiction: An Introduction and Anthology," edited by Kelley Griffith, and published by Harcourt Brace Publishers, New York, in 1994. [ISBN: 0-15-500155-8]

 Lucien Dean Pearson (1965)
Beowulf. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1965. ISBN: none (but the LC number is 64-10838).

  Stephen Pollington (1997)
First Steps in Old English. Anglo-Saxon Books, UK, 1997. ISBN: 1-898281-19-X

 John Porter (1993)
Beowulf: Text and Translation (literal word-by-word translation). Anglo-Saxon Books, Middlesex, England, 1993. ISBN: 0-9516209-2-4.

 Tessa Potter (1996)
Beowulf and the Dragon. Rigby Education, Rigby Interactive Library (Myths and Legends series), Crystal Lake, IL, 1996. ISBN: 1-57572-017-5.

  Martin Puhvel (1979)
Beowulf and Celtic Tradition. Wilfred Laurier University Press, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, 1979. ISBN: 0-88920-063-7. transcription

 Martin Puhvel (2006)
Beowulf: A Verse Translation and Introduction. University Press of America, Lanham, MD, 2006. ISBN: 0-7618-3512-1.

 Burton Raffel (1963)
Beowulf: A New Translation With An Introduction By Burton Raffel. Penguin Books, New York, 1963. ISBN: 0-451-62795-4 (pbk.).

 Zenaïde A. Ragozin (1901)
Tales of the Heroic Ages: Siegfried and Beowulf. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1901. ISBN: none.

 Frederick Rebsamen (1971)
Beowulf Is My Name (and selected translations of other Old English poems). Rinehart Press, San Francisco, 1971. ISBN: 03-084555-6. ...not the same as Frederick Rebsamen's 1991/2004 book Beowulf: A Verse Translation.

 Frederick Rebsamen (1991/2004)
Beowulf: A Verse Translation. HarperCollins, New York, 1991. ISBN: 0-06-430212-1 (pbk.) ...not the same as Frederick Rebsamen's 1971 book Beowulf Is My Name.

  A. G. Rigg (1968)
The English Language: A Historical Reader Appleton-Century-Crofts Educational Division, Meredith Corporation, New York, 1968. ISBN: 0-390-74195-7.

 Strafford Riggs (1934)
The Story of Beowulf The Junior Literary Guild, New York, 1934. ISBN: none.

  E. L. Risden (1994)
Beasts of Time: Apocalyptic Beowulf. Peter Lang, New York, 1994. ISBN: 0-8204-2334-3. transcription

 E. L. Risden (1994)
Beowulf: A Student's Edition The Whitston Publishing Company, Troy, New York, 1994. ISBN: 0878754555.

 Gildas Roberts (1984)
Beowulf: A New Translation Into Modern English Verse. Breakwater Press (?), St. John's, New Brunswick, Canada (?), 1984. ISBN: 0-919519-64-4.

 Louis J. Rodrigues (2002)
Beowulf and the Fight at Finnsburh: A Modern English Verse Rendering. Runetree Press, London, 2002. ISBN: 1-898577-08-0. Louis Rodrigues's email addresses are: and .

 Bertha Rogers (2000)
Beowulf. Birch Book Press, Delhi, NY, 2000. ISBN: 0-913559-58-9 (but listed at and as 0-913559-59-8).

 Tim Romano (2000)
Translation of Beowulf. [2000] (in progress). This translation is available online at Tim Romano's website at

 Maurice Sagoff (1980)
Shrinklits: Seventy of the world's towering classics cut down to size. Workman Publishing, New York, 1980. ISBN: 0-89480-079-5 amusing 26-line poem which summarizes the story.

 E. V. Sandys (1941)
Beowulf. Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York, 1941. ISBN: none.

 Gladys Schmitt (1962)
The Heroic Deeds of Beowulf. Random House, New York, 1962. ISBN: none.

  W. J. Sedgefield (1913)
Beowulf. Sherratt & Hughes, University of Manchester, 1913. ISBN: none.

 Ian Serraillier (1954)
Beowulf The Warrior Bethlehem Books, Warsaw, N.D., 1954 [1994]. ISBN: 1883937035.

 Robert Shafer (1927)
From Beowulf to Thomas Hardy: Volume 1 -- From Beowulf to Doctor Johnson. Doubleday, New York, 1927. ISBN: none.

  T. A. Shippey (1978)
Beowulf. Edward Arnold, London, 1978. ISBN: 0-7131-61485.

 J. Duncan Spaeth (1921)
Old English Poetry: Translations Into Alliterative Verse With Introductions and Notes. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 1927. ISBN: none.

 Hazelton Spencer (1951)
British Literature: Beowulf to Sheridan. D.C. Heath, Boston, 1951. ISBN: none.

 Archibald Strong (1925)
Beowulf: Translated Into Modern English Rnyming Verse. Constable and Company Ltd., London, 1925. ISBN: none.

 A. Sullivan & T. Murphy (2004)
Beowulf. Pearson Longman, New York, 2004. ISBN: 0-32110-720-9. ...also contains 140 pages of "Contexts," which provide interesting background information, sort of like extended footnotes

 Michael Swanton (1978)
Beowulf Manchester University Press, New York, 1978 [1997] ISBN: 0719051460.

 Clara Linklater Thomson (1904)
The Adventures of Beowulf: Translated From The Old English And Adapted To The Use Of Schools. Horace Marshall and Son, London, 1904. ISBN: none.

  Benjamin Thorpe (1962 reprint)
Beowulf, Together With Widsith and The Fight at Finnesburg. Barron's Educational Series, Great Neck, New York, 1962. ISBN: none.

 Benjamin Thorpe (1865)
The Anglo-Saxon Poems of Beowulf, The Scop or Gleeman's Tale, and The Fight at Finnesburg. James Wright, Oxford University, 1865. ISBN: none.

 Barry Tharaud (1990)
Beowulf. University Press of Colorado, 1990. ISBN: 0-87081-429-X.

 W. K. Thomas (1968)
Beowulf -- A Paraphrase (Published for Students at the University of Waterloo [Canada]). 1968. ISBN: none. On page 11 is a note that the translation and part of the introductory section first appeared, in slightly different form, in the Revue de l'Université d'Ottawa, XXXVII (1967), pages 231-268. ...this is a 58-page booklet published by W. K. Thomas for his students and does not appear to have been available for wider retail sale.

 Chauncey B. Tinker (1902)
Beowulf. Newson & Company, New York, 1902. ISBN: none.

  Chauncey B. Tinker (1903)
Translations of Beowulf: A Critical Bibliography. Yale Studies in English, Gordian Press, New York, 1967 (originally published in 1903). ISBN: my hard-cover edition of this book contains no ISBN number but it does have the LC number of 67-21717 and I bought this book from using their listed ISBN number of 087752114X. This book was also apparently reprinted by Burt Franklin: Bibliography & Reference Series 90, in 1968, with LC number 68-58234, ISBN: 0-833-735398X. It was published as part of Chauncey B. Tinker's doctoral thesis and includes notes on and excerpts from translations published between 1805 and 1902 by Sharon Turner, Grimus Johnssen Thorkelin (or Thorkelsson), Nicolas Frederic Severin Grundtvig, John Josias Conybeare, John M. Kemble, Ernst Moritz Ludwig Ettmüller, Frederik Schaldemose, A. Diedrich Wackerbarth, Benjamin Thorpe, C.W.M. Grein, Karl Simrock, Moritz Heyne, Hans von Wolzogen, Thomas Arnold, L. Botkine, H.W. Lumsden, James M. Garnett, Giusto Grion, Rudolf Wickberg, John Earle, John Lesslie Hall, P. Hoffmann, William Morris/A.J. Wyatt, L. Simons, H. Steineck, John R. Clark Hall and Chauncey Tinker's own translation. The Google online PDF for this book is at

 Richard M. Trask (1998)
Beowulf and Judith: Two Heroes. University Press of America, Lanham, Maryland, 1998. ISBN: 0-7618-0825-6.

  Sharon Turner (1805)
The History Of Manners, Landed Property, Government, Laws, Poetry, Literature, Religion, and Language of the Anglo-Saxons. 1805 [pages 398-408 in the first edition of volume IV of a 4-volume set]. ISBN: none.

  Sharon Turner (1852)
The History Of The Anglo-Saxons -- From The Earliest Period To The Norman Conquest. 1852 [pages 251-269 in the seventh edition of volume III of a 3-volume set]. ISBN: none.

 A.D. Wackerbarth (1849)
Beowulf: An Epic Poem Translated From The Anglo-Saxon Into English Verse.William Pickering, London, 1849. ISBN: none.

 W. Wagner & M. W. MacDowall (1917)
Epics and Romances of the Middle Ages. E. P. Dutton and Company, New York, 1917. ISBN: none.

  C. L. Wrenn, W. F. Bolton (1953)
Beowulf With the Finnesburg Fragment. University of Exeter Press, Exeter Medieval English Texts and Studies, England, 1953 (1996). ISBN: 0-85989-518-1. ...contains the poem in Old English (but no translation), ~75 pages of notes, ~75 pages of glossary and a 6 page bibliography

 David Wright (1957)
Beowulf: A Prose Translation With An Introduction By David Wright. Penguin Books, New York, 1957. ISBN: 1010873279.

  Alfred J. Wyatt, R. W. Chambers (1914)
Beowulf With the Finnsburg Fragment. Cambridge University Press, London, 1914 (1920). ISBN: 0-521-06882-7. ...contains the Old English version only.

  Julius Zupitza (1880/1959)
Beowulf: Reproduced in Facsimile From the Unique Manuscript British Museum MS. Cotton Vitellius A. xv. Published for the Early English Text Society by Oxford University Press, New York, 1880/1959. ISBN: none. ...reproduces the entire manuscript, in the original size (pages about 8 by 5 inches each), in what are sort of like black and white photocopies. These are not the original Zupitza images from 1880, but rather new images from 1957, from the Official Photographer of the British Museum. It does, however, include Zupitza's original text and notes. --